Validating refinements to laboratory animal housing

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Introduction The protection and welfare of animals is an area covered by a wide range of EU legislation.This includes the protection of wildlife, zoo animals, farm animals, animals in transport and animals used for scientific purposes.Creating an individual goal oriented plan for each animal in captivity is a crucial part of behavioral enrichment.Each plan is created by considering desired species specific behavior, their habitat while in captivity, and their individual history.

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Based on systematic reviews and simulations, the author concluded that “for most study designs and settings, it is more likely for a research claim to be false than true.” Was this just an alarmist claim or is there indeed a problem with the validity of biomedical research?The purpose of behavioral enrichment is to improve the overall welfare of animals in captivity and create a habitat similar to what they would experience in their wild environment.Many different factors are included in making an enrichment outline including the needs of the species, their desired behaviors, an individual history, and the animal's current habitat.Behavioral enrichment (closely related to environmental enrichment) is an animal husbandry principle that seeks to enhance the quality of captive animal care by identifying and providing the environmental stimuli necessary for optimal psychological and physiological well-being.The goal of environmental enrichment is to improve or maintain an animal's physical and psychological health by increasing the range or number of species-specific behaviors, increasing positive utilization of the captive environment, preventing or reducing the frequency of abnormal behaviors such as stereotypies, and increasing the individual's ability to cope with the challenges of captivity.

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